Adobe Photoshop is a raster graphics editor developed and revealed by Adobe Inc. for Windows and macOS. It was initially created in 1988 by Thomas and John Knoll. Since then, the software program has develop into the trade commonplace not solely in raster graphics modifying, however in digital art as an entire. The software program’s title has thus develop into a generic trademark, resulting in its utilization as a verb (e.g. “to photoshop a picture”, “photoshopping”, and “photoshop contest”) though Adobe discourages such use. Photoshop can edit and compose raster pictures in a number of layers and helps masks, alpha compositing and a number of other color models together with RGB, CMYK, CIELAB, spot color, and duotone. Photoshop makes use of its personal PSD and PSB file codecs to help these options. Along with raster graphics, Photoshop has restricted talents to edit or render textual content and vector graphics (particularly via clipping path for the latter), in addition to 3D graphics and video. Its characteristic set may be expanded by plug-ins; packages developed and distributed independently of Photoshop that run inside it and supply new or enhanced options.
Photoshop’s naming scheme was initially based mostly on version numbers. Nonetheless, in October 2002 (following the introduction of Creative Suite branding), every new model of Photoshop was designated with “CS” plus a quantity; e.g., the eighth main model of Photoshop was Photoshop CS and the ninth was Photoshop CS2. Photoshop CS3 via CS6 have been additionally distributed in two totally different editions: Customary and Prolonged. With the introduction of the Creative Cloud branding in June 2013 (and in flip, the change of the “CS” suffix to “CC”), Photoshop’s licensing scheme was modified to that of software as a service rental mannequin. Traditionally, Photoshop was bundled with extra software program comparable to Adobe ImageReady, Adobe Fireworks, Adobe Bridge, Adobe Device Central and Adobe Digicam RAW.
Alongside Photoshop, Adobe additionally develops and publishes Photoshop Parts, Photoshop Lightroom, Photoshop Categorical, Photoshop Fix, Photoshop Sketch and Photoshop Combine. As of November 2019, Adobe has additionally launched a full model of Photoshop for the iPad, and whereas initially restricted, Adobe plans to convey extra options to Photoshop for iPad. Collectively, they’re branded as “The Adobe Photoshop Household”.